6 Landscape Lighting Techniques

When designing your landscape lighting for your home or business, it is important to understand the landscape lighting techniques. The correct lighting techniques will help highlight your homes features and helps create the drama in your yard. When low voltage lighting is correctly designed it can achieve home safety, security, home accents, curb appeal and show off character.

There are six types of lighting that you need to understand in order to properly install your landscape lighting. They are up lighting, down lighting, path lighting, specialty lighting, accent lighting, and moonlighting.


Up Lighting

Up lighting

Landscape lighting fixtures are placed at the ground level and the light is aimed at the upward focal points in the landscape such as plants, trees, signs and home architectural qualities. This lighting effect offers a greater contrast to the building for a bold lighting result.


Down Lighting

Down lighting

The down lighting technique is very similar to the up lighting effect. Place a fixture on a high point of a tree or home to cast the light down on the focal point such as pergola, structure, trees pathway or plants. If you want to illuminate a larger area place the light higher so it has a sizable reach on your yard.


Path Lighting

Path lighting

Placing lighting fixtures along a pathway, patio, or driveway to safely lead a person from one location to another creates path lighting. Path lights are located generally low to the ground to cast the light on the pathway. It is important that you place these fixtures far enough away from the pathway, driveway or patio to prevent people from kicking or moving.


Specialty Lighting (Pools, Structures)

Specialty Lighting

The purposes of these types of lights are to set a particular mood or create an environment. Some examples of these types of lights include string lights, pergola accent lighting, pool lights that accent a waterfall or rock structure.


Accent Lighting


Most lights that are drawing special attention to a feature are considered a type of accent lighting. The best types of accent lighting uses narrow fixed beams or spotlights to illuminate garden features such as plants, statues and outdoor structures.


Moon Lighting


Create moonlighting by placing large fixtures high up into trees and point them towards the pathway creating attractive lighting patterns on the ground similar to moon light. This effect creates very natural lighting that is perfect for pathways, planting beds and driveways.

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